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No. Title Authors Journal
104 Head transcriptome profiling of glossiphoniid leech (Helobdella austinensis) revelas clues about of proboscis development 68. Kwak H.-J., Lee S.-G., Park S.-C., Kim J.-H., Weisblat D.A., Park C., Cho S.-J. Open biology (2022) 12(3): 210298
Cephalization refers to the evolutionary trend towards the concentration of neural tissues, sensory organs, mouth and associated structures at the front end of bilaterian animals. Comprehensive studies on gene expression related to the anterior formation in invertebrate models are currently lacking. In this study, we performed de novo transcriptional profiling, on a proboscis-bearing leech(Helobdella austinensis) to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the anterior versus other parts of the body, in particular to find clues as to the development of the proboscis. Between the head and the body, 132 head-specific DEGs were identified, of which we chose 11 to investigate their developmental function during embryogenesis. Analysis of the spatial expression of these genes using in situ hybridization showed that they were characteristically expressed in the anterior region of the developing embryo, including the proboscis. Our results provide information on the genes related to head formation and insights into the function of proboscis-related genes during organogenesis with the potential roles of genes not yet characterized.