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No. Title Authors Journal
109 Dysregulated thrombospondin 1 and miRNA-29a-3p in severe COVID-19 73. Kim IS, Lee SG, Shin SG, Jeong H, Sohn KM, Park KS, Silwal P, Cheon S, Kim J, Kim S, Kim YS, Jo EK, and Park C Scientific Reports (2022) 8(1): 21227
Although nearly a fifth of symptomatic COVID-19 patients suffers from severe pulmonary inflammation, the mechanism of developing severe illness is not yet fully understood. To identify significantly altered genes in severe COVID-19, we generated messenger RNA and micro-RNA profiling data of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from five COVID-19 patients (2 severe and 3 mild patients) and three healthy controls (HC). For further evaluation, two publicly available RNA-Seq datasets (GSE157103 and GSE152418) and one single-cell RNA-Seq dataset (GSE174072) were employed. Based on RNA-Seq datasets, thrombospondin 1 (THBS1) and interleukin-17 receptor A (IL17RA) were significantly upregulated in severe COVID-19 patients’ blood. From single-cell RNA-sequencing data, IL17RA level is increased in monocytes and neutrophils, whereas THBS1 level is mainly increased in the platelets. Moreover, we identified three differentially expressed microRNAs in severe COVID-19 using micro-RNA sequencings. Intriguingly, hsa-miR-29a-3p significantly downregulated in severe COVID-19 was predicted to bind the 3’-untranslated regions of both IL17RA and THBS1 mRNAs. Further validation analysis of our cohort (8 HC, 7 severe and 8 mild patients) showed that THBS1, but not IL17RA, was significantly upregulated, whereas hsa-miR-29a-3p was downregulated, in PBMCs from severe patients. These findings strongly suggest that dysregulated expression of THBS1, IL17RA, and hsa-miR-29a-3p involves severe COVID-19.